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Vector-borne diseases

Vector-borne diseases rely upon organisms, named vectors, such as mosquitoes, ticks or sandflies that have an active role in the transmission of a pathogen from one host to the other.

Many factors that may facilitate the introduction and establishment of disease vectors, reservoirs or pathogens in new geographic areas could lead to the emergence of a disease in the European Union (EU). These factors include international travel and trade, e.g. legal and illegal trade in animals and animal products, new agricultural practices and land-use patterns, socio-demographic evolution and climatic changes. 




Kick-off meeting: VectorNet Project
A new joint ECDC-EFSA project “VectorNet” will support the collection of data on vectors and pathogens in vectors, related to both animal and human health. ECDC and EFSA will create a common database on the presence and distribution of vectors and pathogens in vectors in Europe and the Mediterranean through developing a network of experts and organisations from the medical and veterinary domains. Read about meeting I Read EFSA news story


 How EFSA & ECDC cooperate to combat vector-borne diseases in EU: The new VECTOR-Net project




In 2012 ECDC produced guidelines to assist the Member States to implement invasive mosquito vector surveillance and improve coverage and harmonisation of data collection within the EU.  

Technical report 'Guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe'  

Read more about the mosquito guidelines 







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