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Antimicrobial resistance

AMRAntibiotics are one of the most important therapeutic discoveries in medical history. They have revolutionised the way we treat patients with bacterial infections and have contributed to reducing the mortality and morbidity from bacterial diseases. They are also an essential tool for modern medicine and common procedures such as transplantation, chemotherapy for cancer and even orthopaedic surgery could not be performed without the availability of potent antibiotics.

Unfortunately, antibiotics have been liable to misuse. They are often unnecessarily prescribed for viral infections, against which they have no effect. Similarly when diagnoses are not accurately made, more often than not, broad-spectrum antibiotics, i.e. antibiotics that kill a large proportion of various bacteria and not only the bacteria responsible for the disease, are prescribed because the causative micro-organism is not known. Read more

 

 IN FOCUS

 

European Antibiotic Awareness Day 2014: Latest data on antimicrobial resistance and new toolkit on the risks of self-medication with antibiotics

18 November 2014

On the occasion of the 2014 European Antibiotic Awareness Day, ECDC releases its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance and adaptable campaign materials targeting the risks of self-medication with antibiotics.

Resistance to last-line antibiotics continues to cause concern in Europe

EAAD 2014 Multimedia news release

 

 EXAMPLES OF COMMON MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT BACTERIA

 
  • ​Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
  • Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (examples of common Enterobacteriaceae are Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae)
  • Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (e.g. Klebsiella pneumonia)
  • Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Clostridium difficile
 

 ANNUAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL REPORT

 
 

 EUROSURVEILLANCE ARTICLES

 
Retrieving Data
 

 PUBLIC HEALTH DEVELOPMENTS

 
 

 EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UPDATES

 
 

 INTERACTIVE DATABASES

 
Occurrence and spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. ​
Antimicrobial consumption interactive database (ESAC-Net)  
Antimicrobial consumption, in the community and the hospital sector in Europe.  
Point prevalence survey interactive database (HAI-Net PPS)
Healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in acute care hospitals.


 

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