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Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-associated Infections Programme

The programme on Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-Associated Infections (ARHAI) covers two major public health issues:



The ARHAI programme focuses on 4 areas of public health: surveillance, response and scientific advice, training and communication to address the threat of antimicrobial resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

Read more about the programme




Trends of antimicrobial consumption in the community and in the hospital sector across Europe
Second annual report of the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Network (ESAC-Net)
The report is based on antimicrobial consumption data from the community (primary care sector) and the hospital sector reported to ECDC for the year 2011 by 27 EU Member States and two EEA non-EU countries (Iceland and Norway). A selection of tables showing trends of antibacterials for systemic use in the community and in the hospital sector, 2008‒2012 are available as separate downloadable files (Excel, PNG). 

Report and downloadable data: Surveillance of antimicrobial consumption in Europe 2012





Antimicrobial resistance

Antibiotics have revolutionised the way we treat patients with bacterial infections. But they have also been liable to misuse.

Healthcare-associated infections

Approximately 4 100 000 patients are estimated to acquire a healthcare-associated infection in EU every year.



Occurrence and spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe.

Antimicrobial consumption interactive database (ESAC-Net)

Antimicrobial consumption, in the community and the hospital sector in Europe.

Point prevalence survey interactive database (HAI-Net PPS)

Healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in acute ​​care hospitals.



​ECDC held its second meeting of the Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-associated Infections (ARHAI) Networks on 26-28 November 2012, in Berlin, Germany. See the conference presentations


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